There are different types of C of O in Nigeria. The abbreviation, C of O means Certificate of Occupancy. It is the certificate that shows that you are the rightful owner of a landed property.
The Land Use Act of 1978 vests the power of ownership of all lands in a state on the Governor of the state. It implies that only the state government can issue a Certificate of Occupancy, C of O.
Have you at one time or the other heard of Individual C of O, Global C of O, or Government Allocated C of O? It is important to note that although the three are different types of C of O in Nigeria, it is still the same land title. The only difference is the situation involved.
Whichever the C of O your land has, it shows that you are the rightful owner of the land and you will win any case in the court of law concerning the land unless your opponent(s) provides Governor’s Consent. No one can obtain Governor’s Consent on a land that has C of O unless the land has been sold and a Deed has been prepared and signed by the concerned individuals, i.e buyer and seller. The Deed, alongside the C of O, must be provided before Governor’s Consent will be issued. Once Governor’s Consent is issued, the C of O becomes invalid from that moment on.
Having said all these, we use this medium to advise you to stay away from acquired(government) lands. Do not join the people who believe that the government will overlook people once lots of people have already built houses on those lands. It will be painful to see the government demolishing your house 20yrs later, thereby rendering you homeless at old age.
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